The 1838 tythe map of the parish of Harvington depicts a house with outbuildings. The Golden Cross Inn appears in the 1841 Census with Joseph Cale, aged 60 as the Publican.
According to one of the deeds of Fariview Cottages, George Shailer, the son of James Shailer who ran the Coach and Horses from 1820 to 1841, purchased the property on 7th May 1863 when there was an auction held at the 'Golden Cross'. The properties owned by Edwin Collis, builder which included the Old Bakery & The Retreat. The Golden Cross is referred to in detail in the Deeds belonging to Fairview Cottages in Alcester Road in 1876:-
All that messuage or tenement known by the name of the Golden Cross Inn with the stables brewhouse outhouses and other erections and buildings and the yards and garden thereunto adjoining and belonging which said messuage and buildings were erected and built upon part of a piece or parcel of land which was formerly part and parcel of a certain field or close of land called by the name
of Hawkes Field or Hawkes Piece situate and being in the parish of Harvington in the County of Worcester heretofore in the occupation of Joseph Cale Williams but now of the said George Shailer.
The above gives some nice detail of the Golden Cross in 1876 and also some background to the land upon which it stood. Another detail from the same document and immediately following on from the above is the description of a piece of land called Porters Elm Corner:-
And also All that piece or parcel of land or ground called Porters Elm Corner now and for many years past used as garden ground adjoining the last described premises and occupied therewith situate in the parish of Harvington aforesaid formerly in the occupation of William Bennett afterwards of Joseph Cale since of the said Joseph Cale Williams but now of the said George Shailer bounded
on the East by the hereditaments hereinbefore described on the West by the Turnpike Road leading from Evesham to Alcester on the North by a piece of land of Mr George Malin and on the South by a road or land [lane] leading from Harvington aforesaid to the Lenches.
There was a tradition in medieval times to plant large named trees such as elm or oak on junctions to act as way markers, this is very likely to have been such a one. There are two long-gone elms near Cheltenham that spring to mind: Maud's Elm and Piff's Elm. Some thought has been taken to pin-point the exact location of Porter's Elm. The description of the elm follows directly after the description of the Golden Cross with the comment 'adjoining'. The natural inclination is to position it on the corner of Village Street and Alcester Road, however the location in the document is not as clear as it might have been.
from the Fairview Deeds dated 1880.
The above mentioned document of 1863 refers to a contract between Thomas Matthews and George Shailer, In the 1861 Census George Matthews is the publican of the Golden Cross, born Harvington aged 31, with wife Mary aged 20. Thomas Matthews may have been the publican from 1851 when the previous publican William Williams died. William was the publican in 1851 and was the son-in-law of Joseph Cale, the publican in 1841. William Williams probably took over when Joseph died in 1843. William Williams' son was Joseph Cale Williams, tailor of Harvington. It is suggested that William Bennett was the publican previously to that of Joseph Cale, all the above individuals appear in the 1876 document.
In 1881 the Golden Cross had William Marsh, Innkeeper, aged 47 born Broadway, with Mary his wife aged 46 born Willersley and children Agnes aged 21, born oxford and Herbert aged 20 born Oxford.
The Tyack family
A letter held by the Almonry in Evesham from Hilary Sinclair in 1984 states the following:-
The Vine Wine Bar, Vine Street, Evesham, May 2 1984
My grandfather, Charles Tyack took the Golden Cross Inn at Harvington in 1888. He and his wife Mary moved in a few days after their wedding on Christmas Day in that year. She was the daughter of a publican - her people kept the Golden Cross at Beoley, just outside Stratford on Avon and he was a farmer's son from Shelfield, near Aston Cantlow.
On his death, in about 1905, she took over the running of the pub, remaining there until just before the first world war.
She had five children of whom one of them, my father, Victor Tyack was the youngest son. He is now 89. The little girl being held in the picture is my aunt, Miss Elsie Tyack, who was their youngest child. She is also still alive and in her eighties.
From an old bill I have from Flowers Brewary they paid a total of £74 to go into the pub, £39 for fittings, £20 for stock and £15 for the licence.
Photo mentioned in the letter has not been found.
The Coley Family
It was, along with The Shakespeare, a Flowers Brewery pub and Harold Aston was a Landlord.
Samuel Coley is standing between the doors, Edith Eliza Coley is standing in the doorway, Reg Coley is boy on left and one of the girls is Winifred.
Adrian and Sarah tried to make a go of it 2019 - February 2020